Mesopotamia

The region commonly called Mesopotamia (“between the rivers”) was home to some of the oldest civilizations in the world, and it was the birthplace of Abraham, the ancestor of the Israelite people. Located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, Mesopotamia is often speculated to be the location of the Garden of Eden, and it gave rise to the nations of Elam, Babylonia, and Assyria, each of which interacted with the people of Israel at various points history. In the later part of the Old Testament the Assyrians exiled many Israelites to Assyrian lands, and the Babylonians exiled many other Israelites (primarily from the tribe of Judah) to Babylon and its surroundings. Hundreds of years later in the time of Jesus, Magi (priestly astrologers) traveled from this region to worship Jesus, for they had seen a sign in the heavens that signaled the birth of the king of the Jews.

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