Exodus 19-40; Leviticus 1-27
Perhaps no other topic in Bible geography has generated more debate over the centuries than the exact location of Mount Sinai, where the Lord gave Moses the law and the Ten Commandments. At least a dozen locations have been offered, including a location beyond the Sinai peninsula in Arabia. One of the oldest traditions regarding Mount Sinai’s location places it at Jebel Musa (meaning “the mountain of Moses”) in the southern Sinai peninsula (see also “Egypt”). Around A.D. 560 Saint Catherine’s Monastery was built at the foot of Jebel Musa to commemorate the giving of the law on Mount Sinai, and its library has produced some of the oldest biblical manuscripts in the world.